ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN HAUSA INFANTS USING SOME ANTHROPOMETRIC VARIABLES IN ZARIA AREA OF KADUNA STATE NIGERIA

Main Article Content

AUGUSTINE O. IBEGBU
USMAN SAIDU
AMINU SHUAIBU
SUNDAY A. MUSA
USMAN M. IBE
KENNETH U. EZEMAGU

Abstract

Assessment of nutritional status in pediatric populations is useful to estimate growth patterns and identify signs and symptoms associated with malnutrition or excessive nutritional intake. The present study was aimed at assessing the nutritional status of Hausa infants between 2 to 5 years of age attending Nursery Schools in Zaria Local Government Area of Kaduna State Nigeria, using some anthropometric parameters. Anthropometric measurements were taken from four hundred infants in both Private and Public Nursery Schools in Zaria LGA, comprising of 208 males and 192 females. Demographic data from the subjects were collected in a questionnaire while standing heights and weights were taken in centimeters using a Stadiometer and weighing balance in kilogram. Chest, waist and mid-upper arm (MUAC) circumferences were taken in centimeters and body mass index was calculated from the weights and heights. The result showed mean values for age, weight, height, MUAC, waist and chest circumferences, and BMI of the subjects in both Public and Private School Children were 3.63±0.78 years; 16.82±3.03 kg; 106.19±8.01cm; 15.56±1.03 cm; 53.14±3.55 cm; 54.31±2.90 cm; 14.90±1.93 kg/ m2 respectively. The results showed that at age of 2 years 4 females and 7 males were malnourished, 8 females and 1 male were normal in both Private and Public Schools respectively. At age 3 years, 4 females and 8 males were at risk of overweight, 6 females and 4 males were overweight in both Public and Private Schools respectively. It can be concluded that the prevalence of overweight and obesity was common among Male children in both Public and Private Schools in Zaria LGA of Kaduna State.

Keywords:
Nutritional status, anthropometric variables, infants, Hausa, assessment, Nigeria

Article Details

How to Cite
IBEGBU, A., SAIDU, U., SHUAIBU, A., MUSA, S., M. IBE, U., & EZEMAGU, K. (2018). ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN HAUSA INFANTS USING SOME ANTHROPOMETRIC VARIABLES IN ZARIA AREA OF KADUNA STATE NIGERIA. BIONATURE, 38(4), 240-248. Retrieved from https://www.globalpresshub.com/index.php/BN/article/view/680
Section
Original Research Article